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US Labor History

1940-1949

 
1940
President Franklin Roosevelt reelected
Philip Murray replaces John L. Lewis as CIO president
Ford Motor Strike
 
1941
United States enters World War II
AFL and CIO give no-strike pledges for the duration of the war
Allis-Chalmers Strike
Captive Coal Mines Strike
Detroit, Michigan, Hate Strike against black workers
International Harvester Strike
New York City Bus Strike
North American Aviation Strike
 
1942
National War Labor Board is established - establishes the "Little Steel Formula" for wartime
wage adjustments
United Steel Workers of America founded
 
1943
Fair Employment Practices Committee is established
Congress passes the Smith-Connally Act to restrict strikes and union political activity during the
war
Bituminous Coal Strike, UMWA strike which triggered a US government takeover of the mines
ends with a contract providing portal-to-portal pay and other benefits
Detroit, Michigan, Hate Strikes against black workers
Detroit, Michigan, Race Riot
 
1944
President Franklin Roosevelt reelected
Philadelphia Transit Strike
 
1945
President Franklin Roosevelt dies
Vice-President Harry S. Truman becomes President
World War II ends
 
1945
Kelsey-Hayes Strike
New York City Longshoremen's Strike
Montgomery Ward Strike
Oil Workers' Strike
 
1946
Huge postwar strike wave sweeps across the nation
United Mine Workers win a health and welfare fund in bargaining with the coal operators
Nationwide coal strike prompts US government to seize the mines to continue production
Electrical Manufacturing Strikes
General Motors Strike
Pittsburgh Power Strike
Railroad Strike
Steelworkers launch 30 state strike against US Steel
 
1947
Congress passes the Taft-Hartley Act (Labor Management Relations Act) restricting union
practices and permitting the states to ban union security agreements.
RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company Strike
Telephone Strike
 
1948
President Harry S. Truman is reelected
Progressive Party formed
 
1949
CIO expels two unions for alleged Communist domination
Hawaii Dock Strike
 

 1800  1950
 1900  1960
 1910  1970
 1920  1980
 1930  1990
 1940  


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