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US Labor History

1920-1929

 

1920
President Warren Harding elected
Trade Union Educational League founded
Alabama Miners' Strike
Clothing Workers' Lockout
West Virginia Coal Wars begin, ten people killed in the Matewan Massacre in a battle over the
right to organize the southern West Virginia coalfields
 
1921
Depression begins
Supreme Court, in Duplex Printing Press v. Deering, rules that the Clayton Act notwithstanding,
federal courts could enjoin unions for actions in restraint of trade
Congress restricts immigration to the United States and establishes the national origin quota
system
Seamen's Strike
West Virginia Coal Wars and Baldwin-Felts agents kill West Virginia unionists Sid Hatfield an
Ed Chambers on the steps of the McDowell County Courthouse
Battle of Blair Mountain, 2000 US troops block miners' attempt to organize in southern West
Virginia
 
1922
Conference for Progressive Political Action founded
Anthracite Coal Strike
Bituminous Coal Strike
Herrin, Illinois, Massacre
Railroad Shopmen's Strike
 
1924
President Calvin Coolidge elected
Samuel Gompers dies. William Green becomes president of the American Federation of Labor
 
1925
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters founded
Anthracite Coal Strike
 
1926
Congress passes the Railway Labor Act, which requires that employers bargain with unions and
forbids discrimination against union members
Passaic, New Jersey, Textile Strike
 
1927
Nicolo Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Massachussetts labor activists are executed
Bituminous Coal Strike
 
1928
President Herbert Hoover elected
New Bedford, Massachusetts, Textile Strike
Convict-labor system for coal mining is outlawed in Alabama
 
1929
Stock market crash and the beginning of the Great Depression
Trade Union Unity League founded
Conference for Progressive Labor Action founded
Gastonia, North Carolina, Textile Strike

 1800  1950
 1900  1960
 1910  1970
 1920  1980
 1930  1990
 1940  


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